Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.534008
Title: Respiratory motion correction in positron emission tomography
Author: Bai, Wenjia
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2010
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Abstract:
In this thesis, we develop a motion correction method to overcome the degradation of image quality introduced by respiratory motion in positron emission tomography (PET), so that diagnostic performance for lung cancer can be improved. Lung cancer is currently the most common cause of cancer death both in the UK and in the world. PET/CT, which is a combination of PET and CT, providing clinicians with both functional and anatomical information, is routinely used as a non-invasive imaging technique to diagnose and stage lung cancer. However, since a PET scan normally takes 15-30 minutes, respiration is inevitable in data acquisition. As a result, thoracic PET images are substantially degraded by respiratory motion, not only by being blurred, but also by being inaccurately attenuation corrected due to the mismatch between PET and CT. If these challenges are not addressed, the diagnosis of lung cancer may be misled. The main contribution of this thesis is to propose a novel process for respiratory motion correction, in which non-attenuation corrected PET images (PET-NAC) are registered to a reference position for motion correction and then multiplied by a voxel-wise attenuation correction factor (ACF) image for attenuation correction. The ACF image is derived from a CT image which matches the reference position, so that no attenuation correction artefacts would occur. In experiments, the motion corrected PET images show significant improvements over the uncorrected images, which represent the acquisitions typical of current clinical practice. The enhanced image quality means that our method has the potential to improve diagnostic performance for lung cancer. We also develop an automatic lesion detection method based on motion corrected images. A small lung lesion is only 2 or 3 voxels in diameter and of marginal contrast. It could easily be missed by human observers. Our method aims to provide radiologists with a map of potential lesions for decision so that diagnostic efficiency can be improved. It utilises both PET and CT images. The CT image provides a lung mask, to which lesion detection is confined, whereas the PET image provides distribution of glucose metabolism, according to which lung lesions are detected. Experimental results show that respiratory motion correction significantly increases the success of lesion detection, especially for small lesions, and most of the lung lesions can be detected by our method. The method can serve as a useful computer-aided image analysing tool to help radiologists read images and find malignant lung lesions. Finally, we explore the possibility of incorporating temporal information into respiratory motion correction. Conventionally, respiratory gated PET images are individually registered to the reference position. Temporal continuity across the respiratory period is not considered. We propose a spatio-temporal registration algorithm, which models temporally smooth deformation in order to improve the registration performance. However, we discover that the improvement introduced by temporal information is relatively small at the cost of a much longer computation time. Spatial registration with regularisation yields similar results but is superior in speed. Therefore, it is preferable for respiratory motion correction.
Supervisor: Brady, Michael Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.534008  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Applications and algorithms ; Biomedical engineering ; Information engineering ; Motion correction ; medical image analysis
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