Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.523792
Title: Realising context-oriented information filtering
Author: Webster, David Edward
Awarding Body: The University of Hull
Current Institution: University of Hull
Date of Award: 2010
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Abstract:
The notion of information overload is an increasing factor in modern information service environments where information is ‘pushed’ to the user. As increasing volumes of information are presented to computing users in the form of email, web sites, instant messaging and news feeds, there is a growing need to filter and prioritise the importance of this information. ‘Information management’ needs to be undertaken in a manner that not only prioritises what information we do need, but to also dispose of information that is sent, which is of no (or little) use to us.The development of a model to aid information filtering in a context-aware way is developed as an objective for this thesis. A key concern in the conceptualisation of a single concept is understanding the context under which that concept exists (or can exist). An example of a concept is a concrete object, for instance a book. This contextual understanding should provide us with clear conceptual identification of a concept including implicit situational information and detail of surrounding concepts.Existing solutions to filtering information suffer from their own unique flaws: textbased filtering suffers from problems of inaccuracy; ontology-based solutions suffer from scalability challenges; taxonomies suffer from problems with collaboration. A major objective of this thesis is to explore the use of an evolving community maintained knowledge-base (that of Wikipedia) in order to populate the context model from prioritise concepts that are semantically relevant to the user’s interest space. Wikipedia can be classified as a weak knowledge-base due to its simple TBox schema and implicit predicates, therefore, part of this objective is to validate the claim that a weak knowledge-base is fit for this purpose. The proposed and developed solution, therefore, provides the benefits of high recall filtering with low fallout and a dependancy on a scalable and collaborative knowledge-base.A simple web feed aggregator has been built using the Java programming language that we call DAVe’s Rss Organisation System (DAVROS-2) as a testbed environment to demonstrate specific tests used within this investigation. The motivation behind the experiments is to demonstrate that the combination of the concept framework instantiated through Wikipedia can provide a framework to aid in concept comparison, and therefore be used in news filtering scenario as an example of information overload. In order to evaluate the effectiveness of the method well understood measures of information retrieval are used. This thesis demonstrates that the utilisation of the developed contextual concept expansion framework (instantiated using Wikipedia) improved the quality of concept filtering over a baseline based on string matching. This has been demonstrated through the analysis of recall and fallout measures.
Supervisor: Mundy, Darren ; Huang, Weihong Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.523792  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Computer science
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