Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.521570
Title: Behaviour of cellular beams and cellular composite floors at ambient and elevated temperatures
Author: Bake Mohamadi, Siamak
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2010
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Abstract:
Cellular beams (CBs) have become increasingly popular in the UK and other countries over the recent years. However, the research into the behaviour of these beams has not advanced at the same rate. There is still no robust codified guidance available to design cellular beams and cellular composite beams at ambient and elevated temperatures. Meanwhile, numerical simulation approaches, such as Finite Element (FE) analysis, have enabled the researchers to advance their investigations into various behavioural aspects of these beams. In this research, the developed numerical models using the ABAQUS package were able to predict, to a high accuracy, the failure mode and failure load (temperature) of CBs and cellular composite beams at ambient and elevated temperatures.Within the investigations on cellular beams, it was found that predicting the correct failure mode by FE models can be extremely sensitive to the maximum load increment allowed in the software (for elastic-perfectly plastic stress-strain relationship for steel material) and also to the applied boundary conditions. In particular, slight changes in the boundary conditions applied to the top flange of the beam, can change the failure mode from web post buckling to Vierendeel mechanism. The buckling resistance of the web post of cellular composite beams was found to be sensitive to the amplitude of web imperfections at ambient temperature. However, the ultimate resistance of these beams was not affected by the amplitude of web imperfections at elevated temperature. This suggests that the 'Strut' model used in current design method to estimate the buckling resistance of the web post is not reasonable at elevated temperature and needs to be modified. The failure of cellular composite beams under a uniform distributed load (UDL) and at elevated temperatures, was governed by distorsional buckling before the development of web post buckling. Adding full-height web stiffeners to the beam in such cases improved their loading resistance at ambient temperature by up to 15% and prevented the occurrence of distorsional buckling at elevated temperature. Increasing the end-restraints decreased the deflections of CBs which are governed by catenary action at elevated temperature. However, this also critically promoted the occurrence of web post buckling which could be due to the P-∆ effects and instabilities resulting from the restrained expansion of the beam.Asymmetric beams showed a higher sensitivity and vulnerability to the magnitude of the load ratio than symmetric sections. This suggests a more prudent approach for the fire design of asymmetric beams as opposed to symmetric beams.
Supervisor: Bailey, Colin Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.521570  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Cellular beam, web post buckling, elevated temperature
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