Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.516383
Title: Computation of the vibration of a whole aero-engine model with nonlinear bearings
Author: Pham, Hai Minh
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2010
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Abstract:
Aero-engine assemblies are complex structures typically involving two or three nested rotors mounted within a flexible casing via squeeze-film damper (SFD) bearings. The deployment of SFDs into such structures is highly cost-effective but requires careful calculation since they can be highly nonlinear in their performance, particularly if they are unsupported (i.e. without a retainer spring). The direct study of whole-engine models with nonlinear bearings has been severely limited by the fact that current nonlinear computational techniques are not well-suited for complex large-order systems. The main contributions of this thesis are: • A procedure for unbalance response computation, suitable for generic whole-engine models with nonlinear bearings, which significantly extends the capability of current finite element packages. This comprises two novel nonlinear computational techniques: an implicit time domain integator referred to as the Impulsive Receptance Method (IRM) that enables rapid computation in the time domain; a whole-engine Receptance Harmonic Balance Method (RHBM) for rapid calculation of the periodic response in the frequency domain. Both methods use modal data calculated from a one-off analysis of the linear part of the engine at zero speed.• First-ever analyses on real twin-spool and three-spool engines. These studies illustrate the practical use of these solvers, provide an insight into the nonlinear dynamics of whole-engines and correlate with a limited amount of industrial experimental data. Both IRM and RHBM are directly formulated in terms of the relative response at the terminals of the nonlinear bearings. This makes them practically immune to the number of modes that need to be included, which runs into several hundreds for a typical engine. The two solvers are extensively tested on two/three-shaft engine models (with 5-6 SFDs) provided by a leading engine manufacturer using an SFD model that is used in industry. The tests show the IRM to be many times faster than an established robust conventional implicit integrator while achieving a similar level of accuracy. It is also shown to be more reliable than another popular implicit algorithm. The RHBM enables, for the first time, the frequency domain computation of the nonlinear response of whole-engine models. Its use is illustrated for both Single-Frequency Unbalance (SFU) excitation (unbalance confined to only one shaft) and Multi-Frequency Unbalance (MFU) excitation (unbalance located on two or more shafts, rotating at different speeds). Excellent correlation is demonstrated between RHBM and IRM.The parametric studies compare and contrast the frequency spectra for SFU and MFU cases. They also reveal the varying degree of lift at the unsupported SFDs. The sensitivity of the response to end-sealing and bearing housing alignment is also illustrated. It is demonstrated that the use of suitably preloaded vertically oriented “bump-springs” at the SFDs of heavy rotors produces a significant improvement in journal lift. It is also shown that the consideration of a slight amount of distributed damping in the structure significantly affects the predicted casing vibration levels, bringing them closer to measured levels, while having little effect on the SFD orbits.
Supervisor: Bonello, Philip Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.516383  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Squeeze-film damper, nonlinear bearings, gyroscopic effect, rotordynamics, impulsive receptance, modal analysis, aero-engine, unbalance vibration, harmonic balance
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