Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.511087
Title: The lake of knives and the lake of fire- Studies of topography of passage in ancient egyptian religious literature
Author: Abass, Eltayeb Sayed
Awarding Body: University of Liverpool
Current Institution: University of Liverpool
Date of Award: 2009
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Abstract:
This thesis is an investigation into the safe passage of the deceased over water as exemplified in the Lake of Knives and the Lake of Fire. The journey of the deceased from death to resurrection is envisaged as taking place in a boat crossing dangerous places and ordeals. This journey was parallel to the sun god Re's passage over the waters of the sky, and in which he is threatened by the powers of chaos. he rites of passage ocus on the safe pasage of through chaos,and assert resurrection, ebirth and life after death for the deceased the passageis re-enactedin mythical imagesa nd in ritual actions,a nd focuseso n the safej ourney of the deceasedth rought he ordealso f the Netherworld. This thesis is divided into seven chapters. Chapter One deals with the symbolism of water, knives and fire. Water is dealt with as the discharge which comes from the body of Osiris and offered to him in ritual. The second section deals with the symbolism of knives and fire. It is concluded that water mediates the passageo f the deceasedw hen it is offered to him in ritual. Water can also cause vlent death.Fire and knivesa reused as destructive tools in rituals. Chapter Two explores the cartographical descriptions and cosmographical locations of the two lakes, using textual and pictorial evidence. It is concluded that the lake of Knives is envisaged as extending from the east to the west of the sky. The description of the Lake of Fire varies from one context to another. The two lakes have no specific locations, but they wind through the sky. Chapter Three is a discussion on the theme of passage over water in Ancient Egypt. The ferryman spells and the Island of Fire are taken as two examples for the passage of the deceased over water, It is concluded that the ritual aspects of the ferryman spells and the Island of Fire are not very different from the ritual aspects of the Lake of Knives and the Lake of Fire, Chapter Four is an extension of the discussion of the theme of passage over water, and deals with crossing the lake as a ritual enacted for the deceased at the day of funeral. It is tentatively concluded that the aim of the deceased's crossing over the lake is to mediate his passage to become an ?# . The crossing was accompanied by recitation of ritual texts. Crossing over the Lake of Knives and the Lake of Fire was also accompanied by recitations of ritual texts, Chapter Five deals with the Lake of Fire in the Book of the Two Ways. The journey of the deceased constructed until he reaches the Lake of Fire, It is concluded that the Lake of Fire is a place, which the deceased visits to be
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.511087  DOI: Not available
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