Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.508828
Title: Analysing and Presenting Road Traffic Volume Using Geographical Information System (GIS)
Author: Baharom, Mohammad Nizam
Awarding Body: The University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2009
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Abstract:
Rapid urbanisation in Kuala Lumpur over the past 25 years has brought its share of problems such as traffic congestion, urban sprawl, rise in noise. pollution, flooding and other environmental issues. The increase in population in developing countries has resulted in increased traffic volumes, and traffic congestion has been a serious problem for citizens of Malaysia for many years. Every year the Ministry of Works Malaysia, through its Highway Planning Unit (HPU). has spent considerable amounts of money to collect census data on traffic volume. After processing the data, HPU publishes its Annual Traffic Volume guide. From 1996 to 1998, for example, the total number of motor vehicles registered increased from 7.7 to 9.1 million, a dramatic increase in the volume of traffic. It is therefore vital to have decision support systems that provide information from the latest traffic-volume database systems. The main objective of this study is to research, design and develop a database structure for traffic volume in Selangor, using a Geographical Information System (GIS) to analyse road traffic volumes in certain areas; it will enable calculation of traffic congestion and provide basic information for road pavement work for future road maintenance. The use of GIS and associated techniques can play an important role in decision-making activities for route transportation systems. GIS techniques have a significant role in the storage, analysis and reporting of data sets. In the traffic volume situation, GIS also allows for the integration of different databases relating to traffic congestion, including both traffic-based data and related land use, demographic, topographic and environmental data. This thesis presents research into GIS processes that will enable us to monitor traffic volumes and the condition of the road pavement in Selangor. The research focuses on GIS development and traffic data collection. The principal objective of this thesis is to propose the development of a system that will help to analyse traffic volume, by using GIS to link data sets by area, thus facilitating interdepartmental information sharing and communication. Both traffic volume and the road transportation system have a strong spatial existence; therefore GIS is an obvious system for use in finding a solution. The results demonstrate that GIS has a crucial role in analysing specific areas of traffic volume for future road maintenance planning. The distribution of congestion in a region is important, and the use of GIS software for database integration, data analysis and data display is extremely advantageous. More specifically, the research considers the use of GIS as a means of analysing the location of traffic factors. including congestion and road surface damage. Furthermore, the identification of traffic volume zones can be displayed on GIS and the identification of alternative routes to alleviate traffic congestion can then be made to avoid further damage to road pavement.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.508828  DOI: Not available
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