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Title: Humanism and the culture of the professions : a study of the rise of the British Humanist Movement, 1954-1963
Author: Campbell, C. B.
Awarding Body: University of London
Current Institution: University of London
Date of Award: 1969
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Abstract:
Humanism is a cUlture-system comprising a value-orientation and a personal and social ideal. Al though primarily an eVG.luati ve cuI turesystem, the majority of beliefG are dra\vn from science and it is more truly a~ ideology than a religion. Humanism is pro~hetic in form and occupies the position of a counter-ideology in contemporary society. Humanism is the resultant of tlle processes of rationalization occurri~g on the conjunction of Ethicism and Rationalism, tOGether with the environmental influence of the culture of the professions. The primary organizational initiatives which created the British Humanist Hovement came from the Zthical Union a..'1d the Rationalist Press Association. In order to regain an adaptive relationship with their environment, these bodies es~oused a humanist co~~itment and wooed the 'ne,., generation'. IEhe perception of 8. COmr.J.on commitment and interest and the desire to avoid competition led ther:l to form the British Humanist Association. Humanists differ markedly from the total population of Great Britain in the predominance of men over women, in their comparative youth and in their superordinate socio-economic, educational and occupational status. In particular, humanists are distinctive by their occupancy of professional status. This is explained by the marked congruence between the cultural items contained in Humanism and the content of the culture of the professions. This congruence is most clearly seen in relation to the culture of the socializing professions. Although this congruence explains the predisposition of professional people to adopt a humanist position, certain personal and and structural factors cause this predisposition to be translated into support for the movement. The decline of religion and the growth of the professions in t''ientieth century Britain provided a social context conducive to the spread of Humanism; whilst the humanist movement itself provides the humanist professional ''lith intellectual and social support and a means of restructuring society and his role-set.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.506221  DOI: Not available
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