Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.504753
Title: Optimization in quasi-Monte Carlo methods for derivative valuation
Author: Houry, Antonis
Awarding Body: Imperial College London (University of London)
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2011
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Abstract:
Computational complexity in financial theory and practice has seen an immense rise recently. Monte Carlo simulation has proved to be a robust and adaptable approach, well suited for supplying numerical solutions to a large class of complex problems. Although Monte Carlo simulation has been widely applied in the pricing of financial derivatives, it has been argued that the need to sample the relevant region as uniformly as possible is very important. This led to the development of quasi-Monte Carlo methods that use deterministic points to minimize the integration error. A major disadvantage of low-discrepancy number generators is that they tend to lose their ability of homogeneous coverage as the dimensionality increases. This thesis develops a novel approach to quasi-Monte Carlo methods to evaluate complex financial derivatives more accurately by optimizing the sample coordinates in such a way so as to minimize the discrepancies that appear when using lowdiscrepancy sequences. The main focus is to develop new methods to, optimize the sample coordinate vector, and to test their performance against existing quasi-Monte Carlo methods in pricing complicated multidimensional derivatives. Three new methods are developed, the Gear, the Simulated Annealing and the Stochastic Tunneling methods. These methods are used to evaluate complex multi-asset financial derivatives (geometric average and rainbow options) for dimensions up to 2000. It is shown that the two stochastic methods, Simulated Annealing and Stochastic Tunneling, perform better than existing quasi-Monte Carlo methods, Faure' and Sobol'. This difference in performance is more evident in higher dimensions, particularly when a low number of points is used in the Monte Carlo simulations. Overall, the Stochastic Tunneling method yields the smallest percentage root mean square relative error and requires less computational time to converge to a global solution, proving to be the most promising method in pricing complex derivatives.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.504753  DOI: Not available
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