Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.502061
Title: A new route to polyhydric alcohols
Author: Parker, Gemma M.
Awarding Body: University of Glasgow
Current Institution: University of Glasgow
Date of Award: 2009
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Abstract:
Pentaerythritol is an important industrial chemical for use in paints and coatings, primarily, but also in fuels, explosives, medicine and polymers. The current process for this material is over 50 years old and is a multi-step process involving 3 homogeneous aldolizations and a crossed Cannizzaro reaction, generating 1.5 tonnes of waste for every 4 tonnes of product. This is also very energy inefficient. We are currently developing a radically different concept, shown below. This will deliver an integrated heterogeneous catalytic process with no waste and a high energy and materials efficiency. Methanol/ Dehydrogenation Base Hydrog Ethanol Catalyst Catalyst Catalyst Pentaerythritol The initial step, CH3OH HCHO + H2, will involve the use of Ag/SiO2 catalysts. This will be in the absence of O2, which differs from the current oxidative dehydrogenation process used to produce HCHO, i.e. a direct dehydrogenation. This step has been optimised by investigation of different surface properties to determine how surface area and dispersion will affect the overall adsorption and consequently the methanol/ethanol conversion and product yields. Deactivation of these catalysts has also been touched on by use of in-situ temperature programmed oxidation’s. Base catalysis involving an aldol type reaction of 2 aldehydes, HCHO and CH3CHO, will give the methylolated aldehyde intermediate. This will then undergo a final hydrogenation to the desired product. Any unreacted aldehydes will, therefore, be hydrogenated back to starting materials and consequently recycled. It will be attempted to couple all three reactions to explore how the catalysts perform when used in succession.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.502061  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QD Chemistry ; TP Chemical technology
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