Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.500732
Title: Dynamic analysis and active control of lattice structures
Author: Paupitz Goncalves, Paulo José
Awarding Body: University of Southampton
Current Institution: University of Southampton
Date of Award: 2007
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Abstract:
This thesis presents an investigation of the factors controlling the performance of two forms of active vibration control applied to lattice structures, such as those used for space applications. The structure considered is based on a lattice structure assembled by NASA in 1984. It consists of a satellite boom with 93 aluminium members connected rigidly through 33 spherical joints. The structure has two distinct forms of motion which are categorized in terms of short and long wavelength modes. The short wavelength modes occurs when the length of the individual members is a multiple of half wavelength of bending waves. The second category, named long wavelength modes occur when the length of the whole structure is a multiple of half wavelength of waves propagating by longitudinal motion in the structure. Simple expressions are derived to identify the factors that control the frequency bands where short and long wavelength modes occur. It is possible to alter the dynamic behaviour of the system by changing some of the factors in these expressions and thus study the active and passive control of vibration in a variety of such structures. The two strategies of active control considered in the thesis are feedforward control and integral force feedback control. Feedforward control usually requires deterministic forms of disturbance sources while feedback control can be applied to random disturbances. It has been found that short wavelength modes can reduce the performance in the feedback control strategy, while the results of feedforward control are not affected so much. To support this analysis, the energy dissipation and power flow mechanisms in the structure are studied. The results in this thesis are based on numerical simulations and experimental tests which have been used to validate the mathematical model of the structure.
Supervisor: Brennan, Michael Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.500732  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QA Mathematics ; TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) ; QC Physics
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