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Title: The role of motivation in understanding childrens' physical self-perceptions and participation in extra-curricular school sport
Author: Livesey, Andrea Marie
Awarding Body: Manchester Metropolitan University
Current Institution: Manchester Metropolitan University
Date of Award: 2009
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The purpose of the present research was to explore the relationships between children's motivation, physical self-worth and participation in extra-curricular school sport based on Vallerand's (1997) Hierarchical Model of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation, achievement goal theory (Nicholls 1989) and self-determination theory (Deci & Ryan, 1985). The first study developed an appropriate instrument (the Youth Sport Survey, YSS) for the measurement of participation in extra-curricular school sport, achievement motivation and physical self-worth. Modifications were made to existing scales in order to develop a measure suitable for use with children. The purpose of the study was to provide evidence for the construct validity and the internal and test-retest reliability of the YSS in a British secondary school sample aged 11-14 years old. The results showed strong correlations between previously validated measures and the modified scale, which consistently distinguished between groups varying on scale-relevant attributes. Two-week test-retest and proportion of agreement measures indicated good reliability. The second study examined the motivational processes underpinning self-reported physicical actitivity (participation in extra-curricular school sport) in school children aged 13-14 years old. Specifically, a series of hierarchical regression analyses were employed to explore the relationships between perceived autonomy support, autonomy, competence, relatedness. self-determined motivation, goal orientations, physical self-worth and children's participation in extra-curricular school sports. Results showed that competence and physical self-worth were significantly associated with participation in extra-curricular school sport. Having examined the inter-relationships and predictor variables of some complex relationships using questionnaire methods, the third study sought to investigate this further from a qualitative perspective.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available