Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.495486
Title: The role of the CCR5 Δ32 polymorphism in abdominal aortic aneurysms
Author: Sandford, Rebecca M.
Awarding Body: University of Leicester
Current Institution: University of Leicester
Date of Award: 2008
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Abstract:
C-C Chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5) is involved in the regulation of the inflammatory response. Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) may arise as the result of a chronic inflammatory process which is influenced by genetic predisposition. The CCR5 gene is associated with a 32 base pair deletion (the Δ32 polymorphism). The aim of this study was to investigate the role of the CCR5 Δ32 polymorphism in the development of AAA. A case control study was conducted including 285 patients with AAA and 273 control subjects. A blood sample was taken from each individual and DNA extracted. CCR5 genotype was determined using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Flow cytometry was used to investigate the biological activity of the Δ32 polymorphism. There was no significant difference between the AAA and the control group in relation to the Δ32 allele frequency (AAA group10%, control group=12%, P=0.82, chi squared analysis). Genotype analysis revealed no significant difference between the groups (AAA vs controls, wild type homozygotes=82% vs 77% heterozygotes=16% vs 21%, vs Δ32 homozygotes= 2% and 2% respectively, P=33, chi squared analysis). The polymorphism was shown to be biologically active with the number of Δ32 alleles correlating with cell expression of CCR5 as detected with flow cytometry (P = < 0.05). This study demonstrates that the CCR5 Δ32 is a biologically active genetic polymorphism, however, there is no association between this polymorphism and AAA.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (M.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.495486  DOI: Not available
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