Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.494478
Title: Population ecology of the dinoflagellate species Lingulodinium polyedrum in Southern California
Author: Frommlet, Jörg C.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3484 6934
Awarding Body: University of Southampton
Current Institution: University of Southampton
Date of Award: 2008
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Abstract:
Marine dinoflagellates are an ecologically important phytoplanktonic group that accounts for two thirds of all known harmful algal bloom (HAB) species. This study explores the population ecology of Lingulodinium polyedrum (F. Stein) J.D. Dodge, a common bloom-forming dinoflagellate species in Southern California. Lingulodinium polyedrum is not considered a HAB species, but functions as one of the main model organisms for dinoflagellate biology. As such, knowledge about this species also contributes significantly to the understanding of dinoflagellate population dynamics at a more general level. In an attempt to understand some of the complex interactions that govern L. polyedrum population ecology, laboratory experiments of life cycle control and intraspecific phenotypic diversity were linked with an in situ study of the population dynamics and the intraspecific genetic diversity of this species in coastal waters of Southern California. The life cycle experiments showed that processes such as gametogenesis and ecdysis of L. polyedrum are influenced by photon flux density (PFD) and gave a first indication for an involvement of the photosynthetic apparatus in the induction of gametogenesis in dinoflagellates. The light acclimation experiments revealed, for the first time, intraspecific phenotypic diversity in L. polyedrum. The two studied strains differed distinctly in their light requirements and light acclimation ‘strategies’. For the study of intraspecific genetic diversity in L. polyedrum a novel method was developed that allowed the genotyping of individual cells. The application of this novel approach to natural populations showed that population genetic exchange of L. polyedrum in the Southern California Bight is tied to water circulation patterns and that both habitat structure and environmental change leave their signatures in the population genetic composition of L. polyedrum. This thesis represents one of the most comprehensive studies of dinoflagellate population ecology and builds the basis for the development of a holistic concept of the population ecology of L. polyedrum and other dinoflagellate species.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.494478  DOI: Not available
Keywords: GC Oceanography ; QH301 Biology
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