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Title: Social capital and crime in Ireland and Northern Ireland
Author: Lynch, Eamon
ISNI:       0000 0001 2450 9838
Awarding Body: Queen's University of Belfast
Current Institution: Queen's University Belfast
Date of Award: 2008
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Abstract:
This study discerns how, and the extent to which cnme III Ireland and Northern Ireland is related to social capital, homogeneity and tolerance measured in the European Values Survey. Higher levels of social capital are associated with lower crime and higher crime is associated with lower levels of social capital. Reported crime was 92% higher in Northern Ireland in 1999, as it had been for the previous five and ten years I. The level of unreported crime is higher in Northern Ireland. Social capital is higher in the Republic than in Northern Ireland in 100 of 128 European Values Survey 1999 measures (of social capital, homogeneity and tolerance). 21 were higher in NI. Higher levels of social capital, homogeneity and tolerance have a demonstrable and continuous downward impact on reported and unreported crime in the Republic of Ireland. The findings in this study do not support the GECD suggestion that trust can be a proxy for social capital, nor is voluntary activity alone a valid proxy. The level of involvement in sports and recreation, concern for the elderly, being prepared to help immigrants and spending time with work colleagues neighbourliness - is a more reliable indicator. Sporting membership is high in Ireland and Northern Ireland. The Ulster Tiger and Celtic Tiger help and hinder social capital. Satisfaction with the police and justice in Northern Ireland is increasing among Catholics and decreasing among Protestants but decreasing overall. Social bonding in credit unions, pubs, white collar crime and the black economy is considered as a form of social capital. The EVS 1999 results do not raise questions about the general applicability of the recommendations of the Patten Commission as a blueprint for police reform but the ESS 2003 suggests a need to evaluate the results of the Commission's recommendations. Twenty activities and policies are suggested to discourage crime through social capital, homogeneity and tolerance.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Queen's University of Belfast, 2008 Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.491878  DOI: Not available
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