Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.491674
Title: Bayesian statistical models of shape and appearance for subcortical brain segmentation
Author: Patenaude, Brian Matthew
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2007
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Abstract:
Our motivation is to develop an automated technique for the segmentation of sub-cortical human brain structures from MR images. To this purpose, models of shape-and-appearance are constructed and fit to new image data. The statistical models are trained from 317 manually labelled T1-weighted MR images. Shape is modelled using a surface-based point distribution model (PDM) such that the shape space is constrained to the linear combination of the mean shape and eigenvectors of the vertex coordinates. In addition, to model intensity at the structural boundary, intensities are sampled along the surface normal from the underlying image. We propose a novel Bayesian appearance model whereby the relationship between shape and intensity are modelled via the conditional distribution of intensity given shape. Our fully probabilistic approach eliminates the need for arbitrary weightings between shape and intensity as well as for tuning parameters that specify the relative contribution between the use of shape constraints and intensity information. Leave-one-out cross-validation is used to validate the model and fitting for 17 structures. The PDM for shape requires surface parameterizations of the volumetric, manual labels such that vertices retain a one-to-one correspondence across the training subjects. Surface parameterizations with correspondence are generated through the use of deformable models under constraints that embed the correspondence criterion within the deformation process. A novel force that favours equal-area triangles throughout the mesh is introduced. The force adds stability to the mesh such that minimal smoothing or within-surface motion is required. The use of the PDM for segmentation across a series of subjects results in a set surfaces that retain point correspondence. The correspondence facilitates landmark-based shape analysis. Amongst other metrics, vertex-wise multivariate statistics and discriminant analysis are used to investigate local and global size and shape differences between groups. The model is fit, and shape analysis is applied to two clinical datasets.
Supervisor: Smith, Stephen M. ; Jenkinson, Mark Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.491674  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Biomedical engineering ; Mathematical modeling (engineering) ; Electrical engineering ; segmentation ; image processing ; statistical shape models
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