Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.491140
Title: Ability Emotional Intelligence, Trait Emotional Intelligence and Borderline Personality Disorder
Author: Gardner, Kathryn Jane
ISNI:       0000 0001 2439 7864
Awarding Body: University of Central Lancashire
Current Institution: University of Central Lancashire
Date of Award: 2008
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Abstract:
This thesis explored convergent, discriminant, concurrent and incremental validity of four Emotional Intelligence (EI) measures. Examined were one ability EI measure (Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test [MSCEIT]); and three self-report/trait EI measures (Schutte EmotionaL Intelligence Scale [SEIS], Multidimensional Emotional Intelligence Assessment [MEIA] and Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire [TEIQue]). Participants (N 307) were drawn predominantly from community and student populations. The MSCEIT showed reasonably good validity, although there were only small amounts of incremental validity in predicting psychological functioning. Of the trait EI measures, the SEIS and MEIA perfom1ed similarly well, although the fom1er was more distinctive from personality. The TEIQue produced mixed findings: the factor structure was inconsistent with the theoretical structure (preliminary analyses), but incremental validity was favourable. Placed within a theoretical context, results confirm the distinctiveness of ability and trait EI. In addition, the trait EI measures appear to be assessing the same latent variable, although some small subscale level correlations question this conclusion. Findings also question whether all components of ability EI are assessing a type of intelligence, but suggest that trait EI has utility as a personality measure beyond the Big Five. Based on Study 1, the MSCEIT and SEIS were selected for use in more explanatory research. Study 2 (N = 523) examined the role of ability and trait EI in Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD), a disorder that may be attributable to emotion dysregulation. Consistent with this, poor emotion regulation (ability and trait EI) was especially characteristic of non-clinical BPD adults, as were poor emotional understanding and trait emotion perception. Strong evidence was lacking for a differential role of ability EI in the disparate BPD feature/criteria, whilst trait EI was most related to 'affective and self dysregulation'. Findings also suggest that low trait emotion regulation is a possible contributing factor to BPD and eating disorder. These findings extend past work regarding the emotional skills and traits of non-clinical persons with BPD features. The greater role of ability and trait emotion management in BPD is consistent with Linehan's (1993a, 1993b) emotion dysregulation theory of the disorder.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: University of Central Lancashire, 2008 Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.491140  DOI: Not available
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