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Title: The Levitical Theology of Sacrifice and Paul's Theology of Atonement, Baptism and the Eucharist.
Author: Bernard, Low Bun Leong
Awarding Body: University of Nottingham
Current Institution: University of Nottingham
Date of Award: 2007
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Abstract:
As a Pharisee and an apostle, Paul's theology is fundamentally the theology of the Jewish Scriptures. At the heart and centre of those Scriptures is the book of Leviticus. This book not only has a formative influence on Paul's early education and rabbinic training, its theology of sacrifice has also informed and clarified Paul's theology ofatonement, baptism and the Eucharist. Recent research into the Levitical theology of sacrifice has elucidated the meaning, purpose and function not only of the different offerings but also of the different rites involved in Israel'S cult of atonement. This in tum has clarified how atonement works in the sin-offering, namely, by the principle of identification, and what it involves, namely, the sinner passing through the judgment of death which also destroys his sinfulness (or him qua sinner) thereby rendering him spiritually fit to enter YHWH's presence to have fellowship with Him. Since Paul undoubtedly understands Christ's death as a Levitical sin-offering, this thesis argues that Paul's atonement theology is accordingly also underpinned by the principle of cultic identification and entails the believer's identification with Christ and participation in His death, burial and resurrection. This is analogous to the Israelite worshiper's identification with the sin-offering animal and participation in what happens to it which are effected by the cultic hand-laying rite. Since Paul understands baptism to effect the Christian's identification with Christ and participation in His sin-offering sacrifice, this thesis also argues that baptism corresponds to the hand-laying rite and fulfils its functions. Finally, because Christ's sin-offering sacrifice is followed by the Eucharist which He instituted in anticipation and celebration ofHis deliverance from death, this thesis argues too that the Eucharist is Christ's todah ('thank-offering'), a variety of the well-being offering which normally concludes a sacrifice which would always begin with a sin-offering.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: University of Nottingham, 2007 Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.490054  DOI: Not available
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