Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.487081
Title: Resilience in humanitarian aid workers : understanding processes of development
Author: Comoretto, Amanda
ISNI:       0000 0001 3561 0771
Awarding Body: London South Bank University
Current Institution: London South Bank University
Date of Award: 2007
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Abstract:
This investigation tested an original theoretical model proposing that dispositional features (e.g. age, gender, intelligence) and cognitive skills (e.g. motivational processes and coping), coupled with environmental protective factors (social support), are utilised to deal with stressful situations, which will result in resilient qualities being developed in the individual. A mixed methoPs approach was adopted to allow greater insight into the concept of resilience and its meaning for the investigated population. A longitudinal survey design w~s developed involving the administration of a structured questionnaire composed of 11 different scales to m.easure key protective/adverse factors in a group ofhumanitarian aid workers (N= 56) preand post-deployment in the fi~ld. Two studies investigating the reliability and validity ofresiljence measures were carried out with student samples (Study I: N= 202; Study II: N= 189) to select the resilience scales to use in the final questionnaire. ~emi-structure~ interviews were conducted in a sub-group of participants (No=: 15) to explor~ stressors related to humanitarian work experiences. Aid staff membe~swere recruited through agencies and by advertising details ofthis study on the Internet. Contrary to what was predicted, two ofthe three areas of protective factors (dispositional and environmental) interrelated and positively influenced the way participants perceived and coped with stress. The third area (cognitive protective factors) was affected by the stress domain and negatively influenced changes in resilience. Low levels of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder and burnout were found, and many participants appeared to be willing to go back to the field despite the difficulties encountered during deployment. Findings lend support to the thesis that the three domains of protective factors (dispositional, cognitive, environmental) partially account for the development of post-deploYJllent resilience. They appear to be key dispositional and psychological features protecting people against stress and strengthening them in preparation for future adversity.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.487081  DOI: Not available
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