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Title: Sacred sites and power in West Hallstatt chiefdoms: the cases of Bourges, Vix, Chatillon-sur-Glane and Hochdorf
Author: Tacla, Adriene Baron
ISNI:       0000 0000 5430 3235
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2007
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Abstract:
Important changes were under wayduring the late Hallstatt period. Most research on that period has been guided by the defence of the existence of powerful 'princely' settlements (the sa-called Fiirstensitze),' which acted as political and economic centres.· These Fiirstensitze represented the summit of the socia-political hierarchy. Their importance has traditionally been· attributed to their position at nodes of commerce Qong-distance trade) and communication, in particular with the Mediterranean societies. Thus, since the 1970's research has considered various factors constituting their basis of power and prestige: the control of access to foreign prestigious resources, the redistribution of resources, the control of local production, exchange, age and, most recendy, the factor of sacred kinship. The present study shows that this 'traditional' Fiirstensitz model leads to a distorted picture of these ancient societies, their settlement system and life in the late Hallstatt period. As an alternative to this model and to widespread nea-evolutionist explanations, this study places its focus on ritual performances. Setting out with the comparative analysis of four case studies (Bourges, Chatillon-sur-Glane, Mont Lassois and Hohenasperg), it brings together the notions of 'dwelling in the world', 'ritualisation' and 'prestation economy'. The outcome is meant to be a step further towards the understanding of the interplay between ritual practice and political economy. To achieve this aim the study draws upon a wide spectrum of sources (hoards, isolated finds, burial monuments, sanctuaries and settlements). This allows to re-interpret the forms of deposition, their social and religious implications and their relationship with the process of creating a living landscape. The study highlights and enforces the importance of the ritual practice for the construction of collective memory and identity, and for the shaping of the ancient landscape - in sum: for the ordering of ancient lives.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: University of Oxford, 2007 Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.487080  DOI: Not available
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