Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.486557
Title: Functional and molecular characterisation of murine CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells
Author: Rovis, Flavia
ISNI:       0000 0001 3538 4743
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2008
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Abstract:
CD4+CD2S+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) are naturally occurring lymphocytes that play a central role in tolerance, autoimmune diseases, transplantation, tumour immunology and infectious diseases. Despite the numerous studies carried on this' subpopulation of Tregs, the mechanisms of action of these cells still remain elusive. This project is focused on the functional and molecular characterisation .of murine Tregs with the hypotheses that they mediate suppression by contact-dependent inhibitory signal. A sensitive assay of Treg function in vitro was developed, based on the co-culture of CD2S+ and CD2S- CD4+ T cells with anti-CD3/CD28-coated DynaBeads�®. Potent, titratable suppression of both proliferation and a range of cytokines in culture supernatants - including IL-2, IL-4, IL-S, IFNy and 1NFa. - was demonstrated. This assay has subsequently been used to measure in vitro Treg function using a complex mathematical model - dev~loped in-house - showing that CD4+CD2S+ Tregs restrain the size of a co-cultured CD4+CD2S- T cell population by the simultaneous suppression of cell division and induction of cell death, mediated by both the intrinsic and extrinsic pathways. of apoptosis, using dilution of CFSE as a read-out. These studies have been complemented by the proteomic examination of freshly isolated and anti-CD3/CD28 Dynabead@-activated CD2S+ and CD2S- CD4+ T cells. A number of complex proteomic techniques have been mastered, such as liquid IEF in the first dimension, which were novel in the context of Tregs biology. In addition, new differentially expressed proteins in Tregs were discovered. In particular, a protein, 14.3.3 that may play a hitherto unrecognised role in Treg function, was identified. Overall, these studies suggest several new perspectives on Treg biology and new paths of exploration.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.486557  DOI: Not available
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