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Title: The excavations, interpretation and analysis of the Muslim necropolis at Quseir al-Qadim, Red Sea, Egypt
Author: Macklin, Anne
Awarding Body: University of Southampton
Current Institution: University of Southampton
Date of Award: 2004
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Abstract:
Quseiral-Qadim lies on the Red Sea coast of Egypt, 8 kilometres north of the modern town of Quseir. The Romans, until 2nd century AD, Muslim Tradesmen some 1000 years later and probably Muslim Hajj pilgrims utilized this once ancient trading port until its demise in the late 15th-16th century when the Portuguese opened new trading routes via the Cape ofGood Hope. Essential rescue. archaeology was necessary at the site of the Muslim necropolis, which lay to the east ofthe main site and directly adjacent to a public beach area, due to the threat ofdevelopment ofthe nearby Movenpick Hotel Complex. However, the Egyptian Antiquities Authorities did not grant permission for the development and excavations ceased in its third season. 85 skeletons and a number of co-mingled remains were recovered and retained for bioarchaeological investigation prior to their re-interment at a nearby site. As the necropolis was categorically Muslim in nature, background research essentially encompassed the Islamic Religion, funerary and burial practice and Islamic concepts of both life and death. It is due to this research that assumptions have been made regarding possible causes ofdeath of the 85 individuals. Through the use of a discriminant anai1sis procedure it has been possible to speculate as to the geographical affiliation of a number ofthese individuals. It must be stressed however that no attempt was made to speculate on racial affiliations, simply geographical ones. This research attempts to fill the gap present in the archaeological record regarding Islamic human remains, Islamic funerary and burial practice and the likely migratory nature ofthe individuals once frequenting this location. There is a lack ofresearch with regards to this aspect ofIslamic archaeology, understandably due to political climates and the sensitivity of the subject; however research such as this is imperative for archaeology in the sense that it provides a necessary incite into away of life which does not differentiate between the theological and the secular, and ways in which Islam influences both Muslim attitudes to life and death.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.485547  DOI: Not available
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