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Title: Older people and 'person-centred' podiatry : a critical evaluation of two models of care
Author: Boden, Christopher
Awarding Body: University of Gloucestershire
Current Institution: University of Gloucestershire
Date of Award: 2007
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Abstract:
Older people are often portrayed as a disadvantaged and silent group in society, whose views have been largely ignored. Demographic studies suggest the number of people over 75 years of age, as a percentageo f the population in coming years is likely to substantially increase, which will place greater demands on healthcare services. In the last two decades, health policy has focused on delivering high quality services based on individuals' needs, with a greater emphasis placed on individuals being involved in decisions about their care. This policy direction has facilitated a change in power relationships between patients and professionals and will require providers of healthcare to focus on delivering 'patient-centred' care at times and places that meet individual's needs and expectations. The aim of this researchw as to evaluatet he current medical model provision of NHS podiatry with the biopsychosocial model which claims to provide 'holistic', patient-centredc are. An important aim of this research was to provide a greater and more informed understandingo f what older people communicate about their 'lived' experiences, the significance of those experiences on care-seeking and their expectations of appropriate podiatry care. The research was undertaken with older people living in east Gloucestershire, who were 75 years old or over, and had requested NHS podiatry. The study was underpinned by a qualitative methodology, strengthened by a desire to change current clinical practice and inform health policy. The research methodology included involvement of participants in an innovative reminiscence technique, and as a consequence the 'podiatry patient career' was constructed. The texts generated from the participants were examined using an interpretative phenomenological analysis to ensure a 'person-centred' focus because it was imperative to hear the voices of the 'Participants' and not just the medical model 'patients' narrative. A portrait was revealed of older people who were conscious of their position in the life course and their own mortality, together with the effect this had on how they conducted their lives. The participants' raised consciousness of their 'self' affected their expectations, feelings, and interaction with others. For many of the participants there appeared a vicious circle of impending frailty that led to a diminishing circle of contacts which had an effect on their wider social activities and relationships. At this stage, participants perceived a resolution of their foot-care needs to be of great value and importance in maintaining their well-being which, assisted by the podiatrist, resulted in a handing over of the responsibility for their care. The conclusion is that neither model delivers 'person-centred' care to meet participants' expectations and foot-care needs. A new model is presented where differing and changing priorities, at different times of the participant's lived world will be relevant to meet their expectations and needs. The research concluded that the requirement for podiatry care can be taken as an early indicator of failing independence. The importance of the participant podiatrist relationship was also identified as cental to the delivery of 'person-centred' podiatry. The research findings depict older people who want to be involved in their care rather thm being 'a burden to the state. Recognition is also given to the changing nature of caring relationships in the next decade, and how NHS podiatry services will have to profoundly transform if they are to deliver a holistic, person-centred service in the future.
Supervisor: Cowen, Harry ; Hanmer-Lloyd, Stuart Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.485456  DOI: Not available
Keywords: RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
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