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Title: 'Who speaks for the Roma?' political participation and legitimate representation in Hungary and Romania
Author: McGarry, Aidan
Awarding Body: Queen's University Belfast
Current Institution: Queen's University Belfast
Date of Award: 2008
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Abstract:
The Roma are not a bounded internally homogene~us community possessing a stable group identity. They are a transnational minority without a kin state .. which continue to . be the most marginalized .and discriminated ethnic group in Europe. This thesis asks: 'Who Speaks for the Roma?' In doing so it analyses organizing structures of representation in domestic and transnational political contexts arguing that these structures articulate the shared interests of the Romani community. Whilst the role of state structure.s and international organizations is acknowledged they are ultimately downplayed in favour of representation structures which the Roma social movement create themselves. The thesis examines three types of organizing structures of representation in Hungary and Romania which claim to legitimately represent the interests of the Roma: elites; political parties; and civil society organizations. The investigation then asks whether transnational organizing.structures of representation can legitimately claim to represent the Roma: transnational advocacy networks; International Romani non-governmental organizations; and the European Roma' and Traveller Forum. The Roma social movement creates these representation structures with reference to their ethnic group identity. The purpose of these organizing structures of representation is to articulate the shared interests of the Romani community which are necessarily suppressed by the utilitarian principles of liberal democratic polities. However not all those who claim to represent the interests of the Roma do so legitimately, thus this thesis determines how legitimate these organizing structures of representation actually are. Theoretically this thesis seeks to advance understandings of the complex relationship between ethnic mobilization, interest articulation, and legitimate representation with regard to minorities, and empirically it details the case of Romani political participation in Hungary and Romania, as well as the transnational political context.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Queen's University Belfast, 2008 Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.485006  DOI: Not available
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