Using simulations to train for flood hazards : a comparison between flood exercises in Taiwan and England
The first objective of this thesis is. to use qualitative research to investigate and
analyse how simulations can facilitate agencies involved in flood hazards to respond
more effectively. The author argued here that a new methodological framework is
required to conduct flood simulation. The use of qualitative research for flood
management and environmental simulations also emphasises risk communication.
The second objective of this thesis is to provide a cross-cultural comparison between
flood exercises in England and Taiwan. This facilitates a better understanding of
cultural and social dimensions in the flood management systems. Best practice for
future flood simulations are identified by examining these two cases.
Current approaches to flood management use the Total Disaster Risk Management
framework to integrate agencies involved within a holistic structure. However, with
this approach there has still been an increase in loss of life and property. The use of a
social and systems approach to risk is helpful to identify system failures.
It is further argued that system failures continue to occur because people have not
learned from experience. Simulation is the best vehicle to improve individual and
organisational performance. Due to a lack of empirical and theoretical evidence, there
is a need to look into flood simulations and their application.
Through the analysis of specific cases, this thesis offers a new challenge for the future
research of flood simulation: it designs a portable exercise to allow training of multi-organisational
coordination and cooperation in a cost effective way.