Synthesis and evaluation of polystyrene based soluble polymeric supports for organic synthesis
Several copolymers of linear polystyrene were prepared for evaluation as soluble polymeric supports for organic synthesis. These polymers were utilized for the synthesis of ?2-isoxazoline compounds. The target compounds were synthesized via 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reactions between polymer bound alkenes and nitrile oxides generated in situ from their corresponding aldoximes. The cleaved ?2-isoxazoline compounds were tested for biological activity against Mycobacterium fortuitum. To compare the success of these linear polystyrene copolymers, some of the ?2-isoxazoline compounds synthesized on soluble polymeric supports were also prepared via traditional crosslinked polymer supports. The polymer-bound ?2-isoxazolines were also tested for antimicrobial activity. In addition attempts were made to prepare polymers containing the ?2-isoxazolines but anchored by non-hydrolysable bonds. Although the copolymers of polystyrene gave good loading capacity in mmol/g, and being soluble in chlorinated solvents it was possible to monitor the reactions by 1H NMR spectroscopy, the cleavage of the polymer bound products proved to be quite troublesome. Product purification was not as straightforward as it was anticipated. Isolation of the cleaved target compounds proved to be time consuming and laborious when compared to the traditional organic synthesis and solid phase organic synthesis (SPOS). Polymer-bound ?2-isoxazolines close to the polymer backbone exhibited some biological activity against Staphylococcus aureus. Polymers with substitution at the para-position of the aryl substituent at position 3 of isoxazoline ring showed antimicrobial activity.