Passive and active Bragg gratings for optical networks
This thesis investigates fibre Bragg grating (FBG) devices. Specifically, it consists of the developments and applications of two groups of devices: the optical phase en/decoders and the tunable fibre Bragg gratings based on an S-bending technique. The advantage of an S-bending tuning FBG is that its central wavelength is invariant as the linear strain gradient along the FBG is altered. Two new devices are developed by embedding a pair of FBGs in a single uniform beam for S-bending. One is the tunable dispersion compensator with a wide tuning range, and the other is a tunable pure dispersion slope compensator. The application of an S-bending tuning FBG in controlling the output pulse width of a soliton fibre laser is also experimentally demonstrated.