The political consequences of uneven development in Sudan : an analysis of political struggles, with special reference to the Sudan People's Liberation Movement and the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLM/SPLA)
The objective of this study is to investigate the origins and process of contemporary uneven development, regional disparities and political violence as reflected in the recurrent civil wars in Sudan. The Study confirmed the general outcry from the masses, that socioeconomic and political disparities and injustices imposed on the Sudanese people by Anglo-Egyptian Colonialism have been continued and expanded by the neo-colonial state under the Sectarian Jallaba leaders who inherited both political and economic power, after political independence. All peaceful demands for socio-economic and political equality and justice by the masses from the most backward areas have always been violently suppressed by the neo-colonial state. As a result, several political and liberation movements including SPLA/SPLM emerged. The Study argues that all attempts by successive governments in Khartoum to solve the current problems have failed because they did not correctly recognize the root causes of the problems and have instead continued to impose Islamization, Arabization and the policies of 'divide and rule' as a strategy to maintain the status quo and to strengthen the process of economic and political alienation of the majority of Sudanese people. The author concludes that the most acceptable solution to the majority of Sudanese people would be to replace what this thesis characterizes as a settler neo-colonial state, with a new national democratic secular federal state in which the Sudanese people, regardless of race and creed can live in peace and prosperity.