Control of active filters to attenuate harmonic resonance in power distribution networks
Harmonic resonance occurs when the network equivalent shunt harmonic capacitive reactance is associated with the network series harmonic inductive reactance. When such resonance occurs, it amplifies harmonic components with frequency close to the resonance point. Solutions used to solve harmonic resonance problems can be divided into two main categories. One is to reduce the content of harmonic components in the network (e.g. by using active or passive harmonic filters, etc.) and the other is to remove the resonance stimulating factor by shifting away the resonance frequency to a non-critical frequency range (e.g. detuning PFC capacitors, redesigning feeder transformers, etc.). Studies show that these techniques are not adequate to solve harmonic resonance problems in power distribution networks which are dynamic by their nature and with complex interconnections. Due to this, solutions in the category one are designed for localised harmonic distortion compensation, while solutions in the category two lack real-time operation feature. Therefore, it was identified that there is a need for real-time harmonic resonance attenuation that is suitable for power distribution networks. In this thesis, a new real-time Harmonic Resonance Attenuation (HRA) technique is proposed. This technique may be used with ordinary shunt harmonic filters to make them behave like a virtual shunt capacitor or inductor. Thus, looking from the harmonic current source side, the filter alters the network harmonic impedance and hence results in harmonic resonance attenuation. In order to implement the HRA technique, fast measurement of system harmonics in real-time is required. Therefore, in this work, a fast individual harmonic extraction (FIHE) technique is developed to enhance the desired real-time operation of the HRA. The proposed FIHE needs only one sixth of the fundamental cycle to extract any individual harmonic component which is faster than other methods currently available. In addition to the speed, the proposed FIHE provides overshoot free, oscillation free and ripple free extraction characteristics. The proposed HRA and FIHE techniques are described in this thesis with detailed analysis to illustrate their operating principles. A series of simulations and experiments are conducted to evaluate their functionality and performance. Results of the evaluation are presented and discussed in this thesis together with details of the experimental HRA model developed to verify the theoretical and simulation results.