Investigations into the optimisation of sound suppressor geometry
Health and Safety regulations are becoming ever more stringent in order to protect us in all aspects of our daily lives to prevent noise pollution and damage to hearing. For those in the military and some areas of civilian life working with firearms there is a definite need to reduce the sound levels from them. In order to do this a working knowledge of sound moderators and suppressors is considered vital in order to assess their capabilities and optimise their performance. The project looks at a theoretical model of an integral suppressor for a modified 12 bore shotgun. The model was used to determine the area of holes through the barrel, allowing gas into the suppressor, has the greatest effect on the pressure within the suppressor. It was found that the volume of the suppressor and position of the hole through the barrel did not have such a significant effect on the pressure. The theoretical work was supported by experimental trials which confirmed the barrel hole size has a significant effect on the pressure. The experimental work also showed for the low pressure system the hole size through the baffles did not have a significant effect on the pressure. Work was carried out to establish whether current practice for proofing suppressors was sufficient. The results show that proof rounds give a lower pressure in an external suppressor than standard ammunition. Tests on improvised suppressors showed they are effective and allowed a visual analysis on suppressors. Baffles were shown to be advantageous in a suppressor configuration.