Behaviour and social functioning in children with developmental coordination disorder
The present study investigated the behavioural profile shown by a group of children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD), to provide clarification of patterns of difficulties, and to examine how they relate to the diagnostic criteria of an Autistic Spectrum Disorder. Children aged between 6 and 12 years were recruited to the study from three sources: a neurodevelopmental assessment clinic, the Dyspraxia Foundation and through informal contact. Informed consent was given by 107 families. Parents completed the Movement Assessment Battery Checklist, (Henderson & Sugden 1992) the Rutter A (2) parent questionnaire (Rutter, lizard & Whitmorel970), and an adapted version of the ASSQ (Ehlers & Gillberg 1993). Children with reported motor difficulties were found to have significantly more clinical behavioural difficulties as measured by the Rutter A (2) Scales. They also had significantly higher scores on the adapted ASSQ (AASSQ) than those without motor difficulties. Results indicate a significant positive correlation between degree of motor difficulty and scores on both the behaviour questionnaire and the AASSQ. The implications for clinical management and educational support are discussed.