School-based management and quality management in Hong Kong primary schools
The thesis aims to examine the perceptions of a sample of Hong Kong principals and teachers of the extent to which school-based management and quality management have been effectively implemented in primary schools, and the relationship between the implementation of school-based management and quality management in Hong Kong primary schools. The study starts with a literature review of school-based management and quality management, including the development, concepts, features, the perception and relatedness of school-based management and quality management. The second part deals with the research design and methodology, including a literature review of research methods, theoretical framework and diagrammatic model of the research, subject sampling method, instruments and procedure of data collection method and data analysis method for survey, interview and documentation. The third part is an analysis and interpretation of the results. The thesis ends by presenting conclusions, implications and recommendations arising from the study. The findings showed that all eight elements of school-based management are perceived as being implemented in Hong Kong primary schools. However, the extent of their implementation is different. The most adopted elements of school-based management are school policy, financial planning and control and leadership competence and work relationship. As for quality management, all four elements are perceived as being implemented in Hong Kong primary schools, but the degree of their implementation is not the same. The most frequently used elements of quality management are value and duties and systems and teams. It was found that principals' perception of school-based management and quality management is more positive than teachers'. Teachers and principals regard expected quality management more positively than present quality management. It was found that quality management is perceived as positively affected by school-based management.