Muslim juristic rulings of Islamicjerusalem with special reference to ÃŠÂ»ibaÃŒ?daÃŒ?t in Al-Aqsa mosque : a critical comparative study
This thesis is concerned with the juristic rulings related to Islamicjerusalem, which have been deliberately or inadvertently neglected. This study discusses critically the juristic-religious status of Islamicjerusalem through a thorough study of the opinions of the jurists, mainly the Muslim jurists (Fuqahā’). Their views are scattered in books of jurisprudence (Fiqh), Hadith (Prophet’s traditions) and Fadā’il Bayt al-Maqdis (the merits of Islamicjerusalem). The literature, on which this study is based covered both primary sources and secondary ones, mainly in Arabic. However, literature in English and Hebrew are also considered, especially regarding the development of the critical comparative analysis of the study. This thesis confirms that there are indeed specific juristic rulings solely concerning Islamicjerusalem. The individual chapters of the study established the framework of these rulings in various areas, mostly relate to acts of worship. Consequently, the study is focused on the rules relating to the various rituals. In this respect, the study details the rules about prayers in Islamicjerusalem; whether they are obligatory, voluntary, practiced by the individual or by the congregation, as well as special prayers such as the ‘Iֿd (Festival) prayer and the Istisqā’ (Rain) prayer. This study also examines the rules governing certain Innovative prayers specific to Islamicjerusalem. Juristic rules relating to Hajj (Pilgrimage) and their relationship to Islamicjerusalem are discussed, including the aspect of travelling to visit Islamicjerusalem, taking issue with criticism of several Israeli scholars and putting forward the author’s viewpoint. This thesis also examines the rules about visiting ‘Ain Sulwān (the spring of ‘Ain Sulwān), Bethlehem and Hebron and it also highlights the objections raised by some orientalist and Israeli studies. This study established and developed new evidence for an academic critical comparative discourse concerning the juristic rulings related to Islamicjerusalem, and also made a crucial contribution to the development of the new field of inquiry of Islamicjerusalem. Indeed, this study must be considered as a ‘new chapter’ (Kitāb)’ in the classical cannon of Fiqh literature placed in the same category as the rulings regarding Makkah and Madīnah. In addition to that, the thesis can serve as guideline for Muslims’ attitudes and behaviour towards Islamicjerusalem. Finally, this study helps to recommend further clarification to the identity of Islamicjerusalem from a Muslim juristic point of view.