The management of music extracurricular activities in primary schools in Hong Kong and China : a comparative study
This paper is the first research into the management of extra-curricular music activities in primary schools in Hong Kong and Beijing, which focuses on instrumental classes and ensemble activities. A case study research design was adopted in which semi-structured interview was the main research tool, and was triangulated and supplemented by observation and documentary analysis. Six schools, three from Hong Kong and three from Beijing were chosen to represent an opportunity sample. In this paper, the management structure of instrumental classes and ensemble groups were investigated, compared and contrasted. The essential features for effective management were also suggested, and a management model for such activities was developed. The findings in this paper were analysed, disseminated, and discussed with literatures on leadership, management, and middle management. A cross examination of literatures on music management from U.K. and Taiwan will also be discussed and compared. Finally, there were recommendations for the managers of extra-curricular music activities, and recommendations for educators.