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Title: Reaffirming regional identity : cohesive institutions and local interactions in Ionia 386-129 BC
Author: Metcalfe, Michael John.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3395 6293
Awarding Body: University College London (University of London)
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2006
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This thesis is a study in intra-regional dynamics which seeks to clarify the ways in which the poleis of Ionia interacted with each other in the period 386-129 BC. It does so by means of two main studies, which are set in their historical context in chapter 2, in which it is shown that the poleis that constituted Ionia were free and autonomous for only brief stretches of time, and that it was more normal for them to be individually aligned to one or other of the higher powers of the Graeco-Roman world that periodically took an interest in the region. In spite of this mixed political context, in which these alignments split the region into separate camps rather than preserved it as a single unity, the Ionian poleis maintained and developed a series of cohesive institutions that linked them together as an externally and internally defined group. The creation of joint religious sites at a variety of locations, the group celebration of festivals and sacrifices, and the existence of a religious amphictiony (the Koinon of the Ionians), all served to preserve this exclusive identity throughout this period. This picture of regional identity and harmony contrasts with the evidence for local interactions between the Ionian poleis, and between the Ionian poleis and their non-Ionian neighbours, which attests occasional outbreaks of warfare, raiding, and a need for arbitration and external judgements, although the general situation was one of calm. No distinction can be made in the forms of interaction that occurred between the Ionian poleis and between the Ionian and non-Ionian poleis, and the regional identity thus seems to have had little importance in local politics. Comparison of the regional and local forms of interaction shows that each performed a specific purpose that did not impact on the other, although both were, and continued to be, of great importance to each of the Ionian poleis.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available