Muslim understandings of the concept of al-SiyaÃŒ?da (sovereignty) : an analytical study of Islamic Jerusalem from the first Muslim conquest until the end of the first Abbasid period (16-264 AH/637-877 CE)
Al-Siyāda (Sovereignty) is a very interesting topic that attracts the interest of many researchers and the political elite. The Muslim scholars have only approached the issues of sovereignty in the nineteenth century CE. However, their main discussions seem much more reflective than innovative. Accordingly, this study intends to reconstruct Muslim conceptualisation of al-siyāda based on an analysis of classical Muslim scholars’ views and enhanced with relevant discussions from the modern Muslim scholars. It aims to develop an alternative framework of sovereignty to enrich the existing researchers relating to this topic. Pertaining to the importance of examining the reliability and applicability of the theoretical framework, Islamicjerusalem since the first Muslim conquest up to the end of the first Abbasid period has been chosen as a historical case study. Indeed, Islamicjerusalem is a unique region which has a central frame of reference with its three principal intertwined elements, namely, geographical location, people and vision. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the establishment of Muslim conceptualisation of al-siyāda in Islamicjerusalem during the above specific period. Significant investigations have been conducted regarding the importance of vision and sovereignty, the attitudes of people of Islamicjerusalem towards Muslim sovereigns and the effects of changes and differences of Muslim background in implementing the conceptualisation of al-siyāda. This study employs inter-disciplinary and multi-disciplinary approaches to address the needs of the new field of enquiry, Islamicjerusalem Studies and the Study of Islām and Muslims.