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Title: Apocryphal themes and apocalyptic elements in Bogomil dualist theology and their implications for the study of Catharism
Author: Stoyanov, Yuri.
Awarding Body: University of London
Current Institution: University of London
Date of Award: 2001
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The purpose of the thesis is to establish the nature of the relationship between Bogomil dualist teachings and medieval Slavonic and Byzantine apocryphal literature in view of the increasing awareness that apocryphal works contributed important themes and imagery to Bogomil and, subsequently, Cathar traditions. The first chapter explores the character and the place of Bogomil monarchian and radical dualism in the overall history and typology of religious dualism in the light of the interrelations between earlier dualist trends and apocryphal traditions, which developed the diabological, cosmo gonic and apocalyptic themes, revived later in Bogomilism and Catharism. The second and third chapter investigate the relationship between Bogomilism and apocrypha like 2 Enoch, 3 Baruch, and The Sea of Tiberi as in view of the theories that their medieval Slavonic versions were edited in Bogomil circles and represent either earlier or later types of 'Bogomil apocrypha'. Based on the most recent developments in research on the pseudepigrapha and apocalypticism in early Judaism and Christianity, on their textual history and some unpublished Slavonic manuscripts, the analysis of their historical and theological provenance shows that despite the traces ofBogomil editing in some manuscripts, they cannot be defined as 'Bogomil apocrypha' , but served as principal sources for Bogomil dualist teachings. The exploration of the parallels and interchange between Bogomil dualist teachings and apocryphal traditions in the fourth chapter demonstrates the extent to which Bogomil diabology, cosmogony, anthropogony, biblical history, Christology and apocalypticism adopted and reinterpreted themes from apocryphal works such as 2 Enoch, 3 Baruch, The Apoca/ypse of Abraham, The Vision of Isaiah, The Questions of Bartholomew, The Sea of Tiberias and the Apocryphal Apocalypse of John. In contrast to some earlier approaches to Bogomil dualist theology, discussed in the second chapter, the demonstration of its wide-ranging use of earlier apocryphal and apocalyptic traditions highlights the need to explore its formation and elaboration as an essential aspect and outcome of the early development of Slavo-Byzantine Orthodox theology, culture and learning. The present reconstruction of the relationship between apocryphal literature and Bogomilism has significant implications for the study ofCatharism in several important areas: the perceived and actual links between heresy and literacy in medieval Christianity in general; the Cathar adoption of the practice of creating new elaborations, oral or written, of apocryphal traditions inherited from Bogomilism and the related Bogomil and Cathar revivals and re-interpretations of notions and attitudes rediscovered in the apocryphal works, dating from late antiquity, a process which rarely find parallels in medieval heterodox and heretical traditions.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available