Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Investigations in electrical impedance tomography
Author: Schneider, Ingo D.
Awarding Body: Cardiff University
Current Institution: Cardiff University
Date of Award: 2000
Availability of Full Text:
Access through EThOS:
This thesis presents an investigation of various designs and implementation aspects of multi-frequency Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT) systems for medical applications. EIT presents a relatively new imaging modality that involves the measurement of the complex impedance of a body through voltage measurements around the body's surface, when it is subjected to electrical excitation. The primary region of interest for measurement involves excitation in the frequency range from several kHz to about a few MHz. EIT system design objectives were defined which are the starting point of a detailed error analysis of an EIT system. The analysis undertaken introduced new aspects in terms of the multiplexers' on-resistance, the CMV error analysis and the investigation of the feedthrough errors incorporating the frequency dependence of the skin-electrode interface. A specification of a novel multi-frequency EIT system has been derived through careful consideration of the design objectives based on the results of the error analysis. The merits and drawbacks of different types of stimulus signal for bio-impedance measurements are reviewed and a novel multi-frequency signal for the in vivo measurement of biological impedances has been introduced. An active electrode was built for differential voltage measurement which combines a superior CMRR performance, compared to previously reported implementations, with high input impedance. The implemented circuit has been designed to allow further miniaturisation by means of hybrid semiconductor technologies. Prototypes of several digital subsystem components of the specified EIT system were designed and validated the concept of the novel multi-frequency EIT system. For testing and calibrating the developed front-end electronics, a novel EIT phantom systems is presented, which employs active impedance elements. Utilising active impedance elements enables computer control of the actual impedance values which simplifies and automates the measurement of phantom impedances over a wide range.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available