Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.427538
Title: Detection and imaging of pharmaceutical compounds in skin by MALDI-MS
Author: Bunch, Josephine
Awarding Body: Sheffield Hallam University
Current Institution: Sheffield Hallam University
Date of Award: 2005
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Abstract:
Mass spectrometric techniques have been developed recently for the examination of biological tissue samples. Tandem mass spectrometry has been employed for the detection of pharmaceutical compounds and also mass spectrometric 'images' have been produced which show the spatial distribution of peptides, proteins and drugs in tissue. In this thesis, a programme of method development for the detection and imaging of topically applied pharmaceutical compounds in porcine epidermal tissue by MALDI-TOF-MS is presented. Direct analysis of fresh tissue sections was compared with the analysis of tissue imprints formed by blotting onto a variety of substrates. The samples were coated with matrix material by a prototype electrospray deposition device. Analyses were performed on a linear time-of-flight (LaserTOF 1500, SAI) mass spectrometer. Direct analysis of tissue and analysis of the C18 blots gave irreproducible data. Problems with matrix layer in-homogeneity were experienced with nitrocellulose and polyvinyl difluoride (PVDF) membranes. Reproducible data were obtained by analysis of tissue imprints created on carbon and cellulose membranes. All subsequent work was conducted using an Applied Biosystem Qstar pulsar i hybrid quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometer fitted with an orthogonal MALDI ion source and ion imaging software. The advantages of superior mass accuracy and resolution with such an instrument configuration were investigated. Electrospray and airspray methods were compared for analysis of tissue imprinted carbon and cellulose membranes. A novel method of pre-coating cellulose membranes in matrix by airspray prior to the blotting procedure was developed. The method was found to retain the expected distribution of the analyte. Ion images demonstrating the permeation of the applied compound into the skin were achieved by imaging a cross sectional imprint of treated tissue on a cellulose membrane precoated in matrix material. A calibration graph for the determination of ketoconazole was prepared using the sodium adduct of the matrix ion as an internal standard. This enabled construction of a quantitative profile of drug in skin. Conventional haematoxylin and eosin staining and microscopy methods were employed to obtain a histological image of the porcine epidermal tissue. Super imposing the mass spectrometric and histological images revealed drug permeation into the dermal tissue layer. A quantitative corneum tape stripping/HPLC method was developed for comparison. Useful data was acquired and further work suggested to facilitate a full validation of the methods presented in this thesis.
Supervisor: Clench, Malcolm Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.427538  DOI: Not available
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