The Greek pharmaceutical industry : a study of the national and sectoral interface within a system of innovation context
Forming part of the pre-existing Systems Thinking tradition, the Systems of
Innovation (SI) approach has provided a robust set of tools and methodologies for the
study of innovation at different levels, having managed to overcome many of the
criticisms leveled on traditional Systems Thinking views.
The study of national and sectoral systems of innovation, however, has resulted in the
emergence of interesting questions regarding their 'coexistence'. The main question
that this thesis aims to address is how the interplay of national and sectoral systems
affects the decision making process at the micro leveL The Greek pharmaceutical
industry was used as the point of focus during the study, having received little
attention within the systems of innovation context. Studies of this nature traditionally
concentrated on frontier systems such as the USA, UK and Japan.
Using fundamental system concepts, an SI typology was constructed as the basis for
national and sectoral system taxonomies; these laid the ground for a novel
methodological approach, which combined SI tools within an Input/Output analysis in
order to fully analyse the pharmaceutical industry at the microleveL The empirical
data on the Greek pharmaceutical industry depict the ways its decision makers
perceive the effects of national and sectoral system influences. The thesis
demonstrates that national influences are still instrumental in shaping corporate
decisions within all Greek pharmaceutical industry activities.
This research constitutes the first study that focuses on the Greek pharmaceutical
industry through a system of innovation perspective and the findings, combined with
the use of novel methodological tools, could potentially form the basis of further
examinations into the interplay of SI at various levels, affecting management
strategies and policies. The thesis further contributes to SI theory by providing a new
perspective on the study of national and sectoral systems of innovation and their
coexistence at the microlevel and thus it could form the starting point for a new field
of study within the SI literature.