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Title: Women, employment, and the family : poor informal sector women workers in Dhaka City
Author: Islam, Farzana.
Awarding Body: University of Sussex
Current Institution: University of Sussex
Date of Award: 2005
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This thesis is an outcome of epistemological and ontological exploration of poor women engaged in Informal sector (IFS) and a 12 months anthropological fieldwork in a selected poor neighbourhood (Islambag) of Dhaka city they reside. Basic theoretical framework of the thesis, have been resourced from feminist theoretical perspectives and anthropological works. Fieldwork revealed that in Bangladesh, theoretical works on urban poor women engaged in the informal sector are scanty, lack insights and inadequate. Nevertheless, some insights has definitely been gained in the process of fieldwork, these are: access to employment of poor women in the IFS is inconsistent, and very low paid. The assumption reflected in the wide range literature that earning by the women strengthens their position in the family it frees them from subordination, is proven to be over simplistic conception. The finding suggests that the position of women is overwhelmed by the cultural, religious values and mechanism of `male dominance'. Dependency of women on male family or household members and control over sexuality remain on the polar side of the male. However, most consistent and in every sphere that poor women have been taking their intense initiative in constructing fictive kinship network with almost all categories of men and women and use it as social capital for their survival. In this process they consistently innovate strategies to expand this fictive kinship network in order to strengthen the effectiveness of utilization of this network for earning in one hand and advancement on the other. Not limiting within the fictive kinship, poor women is constantly reviewing and learning to resist in one hand and using the actual kin on the other for their subsistence and promotion. So the basic conclusion of the study has been appeared to be that poor women of my study are intensely valuing the social relations started from actual kin to constructing fictive kinship and transform it to social capital in order to develop a solid foundation that can be used for their economic livelihood and life in general. Both extensive and intensive exploration into their process of constructing social capital and its role in the life of poor women is an absolute necessity for academia to have an understanding of the depth of their problem before drawing any major conclusion. This thesis is a step towards that goal.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available