An enquiry into psychotherapy training : challenges to developing a generic foundation year and links to clinical practice training
This document presents an action research enquiry into psychotherapy and counselling training within the context of a training institute. The starting point for the enquiry were the apparent gaps that exist in clinical practice training. Recognising that the commonly used training structure in psychotherapy and counselling training, which separates clinical practice, formal teaching and supervision, often leads to practice and training disparity raising ethical concerns, I aimed to use the enquiry to enhance the effectiveness of clinical training. I formulated two research questions: • Could a more generic psychotherapy training in the foundation year serve as a better preparation for clinical practice? • Would it be possible to develop an integrated structure between clinical practice, training and supervision? These questions led to developing the project in two parts: • An exploration of the feasibility ofa generic foundation year, and • The development of an internship component. The methodology I used was action research, particularly relevant to this enquiry because of the focus on developing practical knowledge through involvement with an organisational system. Another aspect of the enquiry was internal consultancy. As well as being a researcher, I acted as a consultant for the organisation I worked for. The organisational setting was the Metanoia Institute, a counselling and psychotherapy training institute based in London. The Metanoia Institute runs several courses in counselling and psychotherapy - Person Centred, Transactional Analysis, Gestalt and Integrative - as well as a Doctoral programme in psychotherapy in collaboration with Middlesex University. Middlesex University validates the academic programme at the Metanoia Institute, which leads to BA and MSc awards in counselling and psychotherapy. The Institute also contains an internal clinical placement for students - Metanoia Counselling and Psychotherapy Service (MCPS), which I manage. The Metanoia Institute sponsored the enquiry and acted as a principal collaborator throughout. The project shows how the process of enquiry initiated a dynamic of organisational change, highlighting systemic issues and challenges to the development of psychotherapy training, particularly in relation to generic training. The implementation of the findings became possible through focusing on internship, which became the central area for development within the project. The final outcome of the research has been used to develop an extensive pilot project, entailing restructuring of the training programme in one of the academic departments. As well as presenting the enquiry, this document discusses the theme of organisational change and suggests that it offers a lens through which issues of professional integration could be viewed from a systemic (organisational) perspective. Particular themes highlighted by the enquiry relate to: • Issues of culture and identity related to allegiance to a particular theoretical orientation • Factors related to the structure and funding of training organisations, and • The role of clinical practice in the process of professional integration.