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Title: A coupled potential rotational method for viscous flow about large floating bodies in waves
Author: Kendon, Timothy Edward.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3597 0814
Awarding Body: Imperial College London (University of London)
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2005
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Wave loads on (and responses of) a large floating body in incident regular water waves of small amplitude are usually adequately predicted by linear potential flow theory, but in certain cases viscous forces are important in damping the response. One example is the roll response of vessels near resonance in beam waves. To obtain a mesh based Navier-Stokes solution for these special response prediction cases is computationally expensive as underresolution of the mesh can cause diffusion and dispersion of the wave-field, and no-exact radiation condition exists to prevent reflection of outgoing waves from open boundaries and thus the computational domain must be made large. To overcome these limitations, a new formulation is investigated based on a Helmholtz decomposition of the flow field into the linear potential flow solution, efficiently solved using a Diffraction/Radiation code, and a rotational remainder, governed by a set of'decomposed' incompressible Navier-Stokes equations. The rotational flow is not treated as a wave-like field, so that a radiation condition is not required, and the mesh need only be resolved locally around the body. The formulation has been validated in two-dimensions for a submerged stationary body in regular waves, and for the forced steady sway/roll motion of rectangular barge sections. These barge sections were also tested for forced oscillatory roll motions, where the important eddy damping phenomenon of vortex pairs shed from sharp corners was simulated, however the viscous damping was either underpredicted or overpredicted depending on the beam-to-draught aspect ratio. The coupled sway and roll response of a rectangular barge in beam waves at roll resonance was tested using a strip theory extension, which coupled the three-dimensional linearised potential solution to the two-dimensional rotational solution in cross-sectional planes along the vessel. A fast iteration procedure provided converged linear body responses, but only irregular sea data was available for comparison. The comparisons however suggested an underprediction of the viscous damping in agreement with the forced roll experiments. The test cases above were simulated as laminar flows. A turbulence model for large eddy simulation was validated for uniform freestream flow past a fixed circular cylinder.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: null Floating bodies Stability Stability of ships Viscous flow