Greek-Turkish relationship in the NATO context : an analysis of the reasons why a pluralistic security community has failed to emerge in the Eastern Mediterranean
The Eastern Mediterranean having been transformed from a region of secondary importance during the Cold War to one of the greater importance for the western interests in the post-Cold War era, is in a state of flux. Despite sporadic periods of rapprochement, tensions between Greece and Turkey still exist. Therefore, the thesis examines the lack of normal relations that exist between these two NATO members and its effects on the NATO organisation as a whole. The study has two aims - first, to examine Greek and Turkish foreign, security and defence policies during and after the post-Cold War period, and second, the domestic context in which these policies have been formulated. The study investigates the reasons behind the heterogeneity of the Eastern Mediterranean within the NAO structure. Although much research has been conducted on Greek-Turkish security relations, the academic community has failed to examine the heterogeneity of NATO's Southern Flank using the pluralistic security community theoretical framework. The second part of this study applies Karl Deutsch's work on security community with special reference to the concept of "pluralistic security community". In 1957 Karl Deutsch suggested the following conditions for the emergence of a pluralistic security community: i) compatibility of major values, i.e. democracy ii) mutual responsiveness and iii) mutual predictability. This study explores the reasons why a pluralistic community does not yet exist in the Southern Flank of NATO. The study reveals that Turkey has not yet met the criteria of the pluralistic security community and as a result a Hybrid region has developed within NATO's Southern Flank, that is the sub-region of the Eastern Mediterranean. In conclusion, a number preventive measures are suggested which could facilitate the prevention of an intra-alliance conflict in the Eastern Mediterranean.