Uncertainty modelling in power system state estimation
As a special case of the static state estimation problem, the load-flow problem is studied in this thesis. It is demonstrated that the non-linear load-flow formulation may be solved by real-coded genetic algorithms. Due to its global optimisation ability, the proposed method can be useful for off-line studies where multiple solutions are suspected. This thesis presents two methods for estimating the uncertainty interval in power system state estimation due to uncertainty in the measurements. The proposed formulations are based on a parametric approach which takes in account the meter inaccuracies. A nonlinear and a linear formulation are proposed to estimate the tightest possible upper and lower bounds on the states. The uncertainty analysis, in power system state estimation, is also extended to other physical quantities such as the network parameters. The uncertainty is then assumed to be present in both measurements and network parameters. To find the tightest possible upper and lower bounds of any state variable, the problem is solved by a Sequential Quadratic Programming (SQP) technique. A new robust estimator based on the concept of uncertainty in the measurements is developed here. This estimator is known as Maximum Constraints Satisfaction (MCS). Robustness and performance of the proposed estimator is analysed via simulation of simple regression examples, D.C. and A.C. power system models.