Transformation of urban landscape architecture in Iran : a comparative analysis of traditional & modern approach to urban landscape architecture in the Safavid (1501-1725) & the Pahlavi (1921-1979) periods (case study, The city of Isfahan)
The study is structured to trace how socio-economic and cultural order, as a process,
shaped the traditional Iranian urban landscape as a product over the time. The study
then examines how the socio-political disorder interrupted the evolutionary process of
traditional environment resulting in a functional urban product in the Pahlavi period.
The historical evolution ofthe Iranian urban landscape and its integration to the fabric
of the city of Isfahan as a key example is studied and examined. This develops a
further argument on the relationship between the physical shape of environment as the
urban product and socio-economic structure as the process.
The study is divided into four historical periods of Pre-Safavid, Safavid, Qajarid and
Pahlavi. This developed an argument on the historical relationship between the
evolutionary process and the product, analysing the impact of changing order in
shaping cityscape in different periods. It outlines the sudden socio-economic
changes, which brought about new physical production in Iranian urban landscape,
and argues efficiency of the traditional pattern in response to socio-culture needs of
the people in accordance with the environmental conditions.
The city of Isfahan is chosen for the case study to assess the impact of socioeconomic
and cultural characteristics on the urban landscape architecture in the old
(traditional) and new (modern) urban fabrics of the city. This is focused on the
detailed analysis, both in micro and micro levels in the traditional neighbourhoods of
Jouybareh and Bid-Abad and the modern neighbourhood of Kouleh Parcheh. These
are compared in the following orders: Urban design; Land-use; Communication
system; Development process; Neighbourhood characteristics; Neighbourhood centre;
Commercial (Bazaar) and House.