The synthesis and evaluation of small organic molecules as cholecystokinin antagonists
Cholecystokinin (CCK) is a peptide hormone, present in the alimentary and the CNS. It is the most abundant peptide in the brain. CCK has been implicated in a number of disorders. The link between CCK and anxiety was the basis for this research. A comprehensive discussion on the many types of CCK receptor antagonists is included. For the drug discovery process, a number of synthetic approaches have been investigated and alternative chemical approaches developed. 1,4-Benzodiazepine analogues were prepared, with substitutents In the 1,2 & 3- position of the benzodiazepine scaffold varied, and substituted 3-anilino benzodiazepines exhibited the greatest in vitro activity towards the CCKA receptor subtype. Through extensive screening, pyrazolinone-ureido derivatives were identified, optimised, SAR studied and re-screened. A comprehensive in vivo study on the most active analogue is included, which has a number of common structural features with L-36S, 260 including activity. Pyrazolinone-amide derivatives, bearing the tryptophan moiety were equally active. A number of existing and novel furan- 2(SH)-one building blocks were prepared, from which a selected mini-library of 4- amino-substituted furan-2(SH)-ones were prepared and evaluated. All synthesised compounds were evaluated in a CCK radiolabelled binding assay (CCKA & CCKB), with compounds demonstrating receptor selectivity and lead structures being discovered. The work in this thesis has identified a number of highly active prime structures, from which further investigations are essential in providing more in vitro & in vivo data and the need to prepare more analogues.