Shamanism and everydaylife : an account of personhood, identity and bodily knowledge amongst the Tanabag Batak of Palawan, the Philippines
This thesis is concerned with the historical emergence of nationalism and how this
phenomenon can be interpreted through the ideas of Lac anian psychoanalysis. The
issues to which it is primarily addressed are those of historical change and continuity
in the emergence of a new collective subjectivity, and the localized manifestation of
this collective subject. The aim of the application of psychoanalysis to these issues is
to produce a theoretical account of the metamorphosis of identity and subjectivity that
is a crucial aspect of social and political modernity.
Chapter 1 examines theories of nationalism and modernity produced by Tom Nairn,
Ernest Gellner, Marshall Berman and Benedict Anderson, and develops the way in
which the thesis takes cognisance of this body of scholarly work and the terms in
which it seeks to innovate upon it. Chapter 2 involves an elaboration of the Lacanian
category of the Imaginary that considers both its utility and limitations for the study of
nationalism, while Chapter 3 develops upon the categories of Symbolic and Real to
produce the account of national subjectivity that informs the rest of the thesis. Chapter
4 examines the sources contributing to the formation of English nationalism in the
eighteenth-century, especially the work of Linda Colley in this field, and Chapter 5
examines the way in which this identity coalesces in response to French
republicanism, concentrating upon Edmund Burke's formulation of these events.
Chapter 6 develops a further examination of the components of English nationalism
and its contrast with the French republican tradition with the intention of outlining
how psychoanalysis can provide ~ useful explanatory model for interpreting these
divergent responses to social and political modernity.