Quaker peace testimony : Ham Sokhon's ideas of peace and Korean reunification theology
This thesis explores the extent to which Ham S6khon's Quaker involvement
affected his approach to Korean Reunification Theology (KRT), and the degree to
which elements of KRT can be located within Quaker Peace Testimony (QPT).
For this, QPT, Ham's ideas of peace, and KRT are explored in turn, and in
particular Ham's ideas of peace are considered as a bridge between QPT and KRT.
It is suggested that the twentieth century QPT was peace-centric, tolerant, and
based in pluralism clearly different from the nineteenth century anti-war testimony.
It is argued that liberal Quakerism influenced the shifts of QPT. Conscientious
Objection and relief are considered as concrete expressions of the twentieth
Ham SokhOn's ideas of peace are analyzed in terms of three key ideas: pacifism,
non-violence and the minjung. It is argued that Ham's Christian pacifism was
awakened by the QPT and it stimulated Ham's ideas of peace. It is also suggested
that Ham's Quaker experience was parallel to his pacifist practice.
It is argued that Ham's ideas of reunification are based on his ideas of peace, and
that they influence KRT. Five reunification theologians' theological thinking and
key ideas are explored and then Ham's influence on them is considered. It is
suggested that QPT and Ham's ideas of peace share common ground in their ideas
of pacifism, non-violence and humanitarianism (of the minjung), and that KRT
was influenced by Ham's ideas of reunification particularly in regard to his ideas
of peace. Consequently, it is argued that connection between the QPT and KRT
can be considered through Ham's ideas of peace.
This thesis proves that there is a connection between parts of QPT, Ham's ideas of
peace and KRT, provides an original contribution to knowledge, and increases the
academic understanding of both Ham's life and thought, and the nature of KRT.