The offence process of sex offenders with learning disabilities : a qualitative study
Background A variety of research designs have been employed to explore the
efficacy of the wide range of interventions for sex offenders with learning disabilities.
This paper reviews these studies to consider the efficacy of such treatments.
Methods Computerised searches and less formal literature gathering led to the
identification of 31 studies that reported outcome.
Results Many of the studies are methodologically flawed through failure to use a
control group, small sample size, variations in inclusion criteria and definitions of
learning disabilities and sexual offending, and lack of standardised outcome
measures. Some credible studies have found better and more durable attitudinal
change with treatment lasting at least 2 years
Conclusion It is suggested that this area of work has still to establish a rigorous
evidence base. The review concludes with some suggestions for future research and
a consideration of the continued importance of this research.
Prepared for Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities