Catholic education in the Salford Diocese 1870-1944
This study examines the educational provision for Roman Catholic children in the Diocese of Salford 1870-1944. It begins with a review of the position in 1870, attained by the efforts of William Turner. the first Bishop of Salford, in collaboration with his priests and people. It is argued that this effort was based on Five Principles: Education had to be based on Religion, Catholic Education had to be under Catholic Control, Catholic Education had to be made available to all Catholic children as and when means permit, Catholic Education had to be efficient in its religious and secular content, The rights of parents to decide upon the education of their children had to be respected. An account is then given of the growth of both elementary and post-elementary provision across the diocese under five successive bishops, Herbert Vaughan (later Cardinal Archbishop of Westminster), Thomas Bilsborrow, Louis Charles Casartelli, Thomas Henshaw and Henry Vincent Marshall. Consideration is given to the "political" activity that took place throughout this period in connection with Catholic Education. The question is posed and answered: Were the Five Principles adhered to or developed by successive bishops? Case Studies are presented throughout the thesis to illustrate the general arguments by particular examples. The thesis ends in the prelude to the 1944 Education Act.